What Are the Social Determinants of Population Health?

Ashwani Kumar Upadhyay, a Bharatiya Janata Party politician and lawyer, had asked for a law that would deny access to government jobs, subsidies, and certain rights to those with more than two children. The denied rights, as per the petition, would include the right to vote, to property and to free shelter.

Over Population

Over population is a problem that can be solved only with an understanding of the natural environment and its interactions with people.

The formation of a national Indian planning commission for population control is viewed as necessary for motivating all people to reduce population size.

More statistics are needed in India on environmental measures and population. Man is part of nature, but not a master of nature. Water-borne diseases occur after flooding and earthquakes and when the drinking water supply is contaminated.

Weather forecasting would be useful in preventing these diseases. Construction sites are reservoirs of infectious diseases and affect the natural environment.

Environmental conditions must be monitored. Monitoring of environmental sanitation will help in forecasting epidemics and in curbing the negative affects on human physical, mental, and social well-being. Man alters the environment through such activities as urbanization, industrialization, deforestation, construction of dams and irrigation channels, and use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers.

New negative effects are occurring. Environmental degradation lowers economic status, which in turn contributes to poverty. Low income populations are more prone to crime, drug abuse, alcoholism, depression, and violence.

The health status of an individual, community, or nation is a product of man’s internal environment and the external natural environment, which can be physical, biological, and social. The biological environment includes viruses and disease producing agents, which struggle for their survival.

The social environment includes customs, values, socioeconomic status, religion, standard of living, and political factors.

Natural ecological regulation was suspended when man made technological advances. Scientific knowledge does not yet hold all the answers. Pollution is the result of progress in technology.

Agricultural development has negative effects on the environment. Large population size contributes to the contamination of air, water, and agricultural areas. Demographic transition has been uneven in India.