Indian Constitution has provided several rights to the people to protect their fundamental rights, but unfortunately, most people are not aware of their rights. Thus, we are providing some laws and the rights which not only protect people’s interests but also ease their daily life. As taught in all 3 years llb course in west Bengal, also, as per Section 129 of the Indian Motor Vehicle Act, wearing the helmet is a must for two-wheeler riders. Section 128 of this Motor Vehicle Act limits the maximum two riders on the bikes.
1.Motor Vehicle Act 1988, section -185, 202:- At the time of driving if your 100ml. blood contains more than 30mg. of alcohol then the police can arrest you without a warrant.
This law also says that if the traffic police officer snatches the key from the car or motorcycle, it is illegal. You have the full right to launch a Legal proceeding against the officer.
2. Criminal Procedure Code, Section 46:- No woman cannot be arrested before 6 A.M. and after 6 P.M.
3. Indian Penal Code, 166 A:- As taught in all 3 years llb course in west Bengal, a Police officer can’t refuse to lodge an FIR if he/she does so they could be jailed for up to 6 months to 1 year.
4. Domestic Violence Act, 2005:- If a young boy and a girl want to live together in a “live-in relationship”, they can do so because it is not illegal. Even the newborn from this relationship is also a legal son or daughter and this newborn have the full right in the assets of his/her father.
5. Police Act, 1861:- A police officer is always on duty whether he/she wearing a uniform or not. As taught in all 3 years llb course in west Bengal, if a person makes a complaint to the officer, he/she could not say that he can’t help the victim because he/ she is not on duty.
6. Maternity Benefit Act, 1961:- No company can fire a pregnant woman. It may be punishable by a maximum of 3 years of imprisonment. If the company (Government or private) has more than 10 employees then the pregnant women employee is eligible to get 84 days paid maternity leave.